Concept and Objectives
The ERG project will develop innovative solutions to enhance the solar energy value-chain by means of a more efficient energy management from high performance PV cells to power conversion, intelligent drive control, power delivery and interface to smart-grid. The project targets the transversal Sub-Programme SP3: Energy Efficiency.
SP3 deals with the development of innovative technologies and components, which are the basis for new energy efficient products and intelligent power management to allow increased competence in these emerging lead markets in line with the ‘sustainability’ objective. Efficient generation, distribution and intelligent control of energy can reduce electrical energy consumption in Europe by 20% to 30% until 2020 and CO2 emission in the same order of magnitude in order to achieve the Kyoto protocol targets and to limit the energy cost increase.
By enforcing the guidelines of the ENIAC AWP 2010 and the MASP roadmap on “Energy Efficiency”, the project’s streamlines are intended to rely upon the relevant existing projects (i.e. SmartPM) by leveraging its synergy and complementarities. In particular, ERG will push forward the two Grand Challenges:
- ”Sustainable and Efficient Energy Generation – CO2 Reduction”, dealing with renewable solar energy.
- “Energy Distribution and Management – Smart Energy Grid”, to achieve a reliable, flexible, accessible and yet cost-effective power supply.
- The energy generated by a Photo Voltaic facility is typically available on a non-continuous basis. This implies the need for power conversion (i.e. DC/DC, DC/AC) and sometime local storage buffering before being committed to delivery through the grid. The goal of the project is to further improve the efficiency of the whole supply chain, pushing the efficiency to exceed 20% and reach up to 25% for high performance photovoltaic cells; 20% losses reduction for the AC/DC and DC/DC; 90% battery (slow charge); 91% overall grid.
- The future “smart energy grid” will be a combined management of incoming power, of distribution of power and of outgoing power at both local (i.e. Urban district, smart city) and global level (i.e. country or even continental wise). This could include also the future bunch of millions of electric batteries belonging to the electrical vehicles plugged-in at home’s park lot. The project will develop innovative solution to optimize the local smart grid with regards to power management and co-generation, power consumption, efficiency, as well as real- time energy metering and billing control.
2000-2007: installations of photovoltaic PV panels and wind turbines always exceeded the most optimistic forecasts!
2008/EU-27: new installations based on Renewable Energy exceeded in power the new installations based on fossils! (Ref.: www.EWEA.org www.EPIA.org).
2009/EU-27: new installations based on Renewable Energy have produced during peak hours more energy than that of the new installations based on fossils!
2009-2013: PhotoVoltaics worldwide growing at 40% CAGR (Ref: www.greentechmedia.com).
2009-2013: PhotoVoltaics in USA growing at 50% CAGR (largest market) (Ref: www.spireCorp.com).